Noncustodial parents, in most circumstances, are granted some visitation time with their children. There are three main types of visitation New York courts can give noncustodial parents.
The first, and most typical, is unsupervised visitation. This is your standard visitation scenario in which the noncustodial parent is allowed to be alone with the kids during the visit and in which no supervision requirement is in place.
If a court finds that serious concerns are present which could make unsupervised vitiation inappropriate, such as domestic violence concerns or concerns regarding the noncustodial parent's ability to act appropriately towards the children, it can turn to one of the other two types of visitation, both of which include a supervision requirement.
One of these types is standard supervised visitation. This is when a court requires that the noncustodial parent's visitation time be supervised by a given individual.
The other type, therapeutic supervised visitation, is a more specific form of supervised visitation. This is when a mental health professional is assigned to supervise the noncustodial parent's visitation time. In addition to serving a supervisory role, the assigned mental health professional can also engage in efforts to try to help the noncustodial parent improve their parenting skills.
What type of visitation is granted in a visitation case can have significant implications for the noncustodial parent, the custodial parent and the kids. This is one of the many different reasons why visitation cases can be remarkably impactful. Thus, going into visitation proceedings adequately prepared can be vital for a parent, whether they are the custodial parent or the noncustodial parent. Family law attorneys can help parents prepare for visitation proceedings.
Source: New York State Unified Court System, "Frequently Asked Questions - Child Custody/Visitation," Accessed Oct. 29, 2014